In the ensuing decades, it is anticipated that the RS-28 Sarmat would serve as the cornerstone of Russian strategic deterrent.
The nuclear-capable, multi-warhead RS-28 Sarmat is a next-generation intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) from Russia (MIRV).
The Sarmat’s control system is made to allow the rocket continue to fly on its previous course even when it is intercepted, according to Vladimir Degtyar, chief engineer of the Makeyev Missile Design Bureau, which created the RS-28.
According to Degtyar, “the Sarmat’s flight control system has the capacity to alter the trajectory through GLONASS, which helps to assure excellent target accuracy, even after being struck by an anti-aircraft missile.”
The Russian GPS, Galileo, and BeiDou satellites form the basis of the global positioning system known as GLONASS.
The Sarmat missile has an 18,000 km range and can travel practically anywhere on Earth.
The Sarmat performs exceptionally well against opposing missile defences thanks to its quick acceleration to the desired speed. Additionally, Sarmat missile warheads are challenging for enemy defences to track due of their unusual ability to camouflage themselves while in flight, both inside and beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.
Engineer Degtyar is sure that the Sarmat’s superior flight capabilities and cutting-edge technological characteristics integrated throughout the manufacturing process will negate any NATO technology. He also emphasised the Sarmat’s advantages over the R-36M2 Voyevoda, its forerunner.
The Voevoda missile system, which is part of Russia’s ground-based nuclear triad, will be replaced by the Sarmat after testing is over and it goes into service, according to Degtyar. Since the late 1980s, the RS-36M2 has been used by the strategic nuclear forces of the Soviet Union and Russia.
The system’s maker claims that after Sarmat is put into service, it will serve as a dependable shield for Russia in the context of the challenging geopolitical environment that exists today. This is important for the nation’s ability to deter nuclear attack and justifies the start of serious nuclear arms control negotiations.